Download PDF by Gregor Kirchhof: Die Allgemeinheit des Gesetzes: Über einen notwendigen

By Gregor Kirchhof

Die Idee des Gesetzes ist die der Allgemeinheit. Dieser ideengeschichtliche Befund droht in Vergessenheit zu geraten. Ausdrückliche rechtliche Allgemeinheitsforderungen werden kaum beachtet. Gesetz ist das, used to be das rechtsetzende Organ als Gesetz erlässt. Dieser formale Gesetzesbegriff beschreibt die Kernkompetenz des Parlaments. Doch läuft er Gefahr, das große Freiheitsversprechen zu vernachlässigen, das von alters her im allgemeinen Gesetz ruht. Gleichheit ist nur vor einem allgemeinen Gesetz möglich. Das allgemeine Gesetz ergänzt den vom Einzelfall bestimmten Grundrechtsschutz. Die Gesetzesallgemeinheit stärkt die Gestaltungskraft der Gesetze und damit die Demokratie. Gregor Kirchhof fragt in einer Zeit, in der anspruchsvolle Rechtsetzungsaufträge zu erfüllen sind, nach der Allgemeinheit des Gesetzes, nach einem notwendigen Garanten der Freiheit, der Gleichheit und der Demokratie.

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Constitutional Dialogue in Common Law Asia by Po Jen Yap PDF

By Po Jen Yap

In a entire exam of the constitutional structures of Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Singapore, Po Jen Yap contributes to a box that has routinely focussed on Western jurisdictions. Drawing at the historical past and constitutional framework of those Asian legislation structures, this ebook examines the political constructions and traditions that have been inherited from the British colonial govt and the key constitutional advancements on the grounds that decolonization.

Yap examines the judicial crises that experience happened in all the 3 jurisdictions and explores the improvement of sub-constitutional doctrines that permits the courts to maintain the appropriate of the legislature to disagree with the courts' judgements utilizing the normal political processes.

The booklet focusses on how those novel judicial strategies could be utilized to 4 middle constitutional issues: freedom of expression, freedom of faith, correct to equality, and legal due approach rights. each one bankruptcy examines one middle subject and defends a version of dialogic judicial overview that provides a compelling substitute to legislative or judicial supremacy.

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Download PDF by Felix Hanschmann: Staatliche Bildung und Erziehung: Ganztagsschule,

By Felix Hanschmann

Der so genannte 'PISA-Schock' im Jahre 2000 hat zu dramatischen Veränderungen im deutschen Schulwesen geführt. In erstaunlicher Geschwindigkeit wurde die Steuerungstechnologie um output-orientierte Instrumente ergänzt, für bestimmte Schulfächer bundesweit geltende Bildungsstandards eingeführt, die in Deutschland lange dominierende Halb- zunehmend in eine Ganztagsschule umgewandelt und den einzelnen Schulen in Schulgesetzen mehr Selbständigkeit bei der Erfüllung ihres Bildungs- und Erziehungsauftrages versprochen. Diese Maßnahmen werfen grundlegende verfassungs- und schulrechtliche Fragen und Probleme auf. Betroffen ist nicht nur das neu zu bestimmende Verhältnis Eltern, Schüler und Staat, sondern auch der Bildungsföderalismus sowie Inhalt und Grenzen des staatlichen Bildungs- und Erziehungsauftrages. Felix Hanschmann geht diesen Fragen und Problemen unter Einbeziehung bildungssoziologischer und erziehungswissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse sowie internationaler Bezüge nach.

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Read e-book online Berufsfreiheit und Wirtschaftstätigkeit der Kommunen (Aus PDF

By Marco Penz

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich Jura - Öffentliches Recht / Staatsrecht / Grundrechte, observe: 14 Punkte, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die kommunale Wirtschaftstätigkeit ist besonders umstritten. Zunehmend treten kommunale Wirtschaftsunternehmen in Konkurrenz mit privaten Anbietern, die sich durch die wirtschaftliche Potenz der Kommunen gar in ihrer Existenz bedroht sehen. Dabei werden oftmals auch die Grenzen des kommunalrechtlich zulässigen überschritten. Gleichwohl sahen und sehen sich teils heute noch inner most Konkurrenten nicht unerheblichen Schwierigkeiten ausgesetzt, eine unzulässige kommunale Wirtschaftstätigkeit abzuwehren. Insbesondere soll ihnen nach ständiger Rechtsprechung der Verwaltungsgerichte kein Grundrechtsschutz zukommen. Der Autor geht der Frage nach, ob diese ablehnende Auffassung der Gerichte mit der modernen Grundrechtsdogmatik noch zu vereinbaren ist. Insbesondere die Argumentation des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts stößt dabei auf Kritik.

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Download PDF by Philip HAMBURGER: Separation of Church and State

By Philip HAMBURGER

In a strong problem to traditional knowledge, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and nation has no historic starting place within the First modification. The unique facts assembled right here exhibits that eighteenth-century americans virtually by no means invoked this precept. even supposing Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the 1st modification separated church and country, separation turned a part of American constitutional legislation in simple terms a lot later.

Hamburger indicates that separation turned a constitutional freedom mostly via worry and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of recent England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century be aware of Nothings to twentieth-century participants of the K.K.K.) followed the primary of separation to limit the function of Catholics in public existence. progressively, those Protestants have been joined through theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who was hoping that separation may restrict Christianity and all different certain religions. finally, quite a lot of women and men known as for separation. just about all of those american citizens feared ecclesiastical authority, quite that of the Catholic Church, and, in keeping with their fears, they more and more perceived non secular liberty to require a separation of church from nation. American spiritual liberty was once hence redefined or even reworked. within the approach, the 1st modification used to be frequently used as an software of intolerance and discrimination.

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Law, State and Religion in the New Europe: Debates and by Lorenzo Zucca,Camil Ungureanu PDF

By Lorenzo Zucca,Camil Ungureanu

The go back of faith to the general public sphere increases quite a few dilemmas. Rights and values, pluralism and id, justice and efficacy, autonomy and culture, and integration and toleration can't constantly be balanced with out the lack of whatever necessary. This quantity of essays tackles such dilemmas from views. to start, significant modern theorists reconsider where of faith within the public sphere from republican, liberal and critical-theoretical viewpoints. participants then collect thought and perform to raised conceptualize and examine the newest advancements in ecu jurisprudence with admire to religion.

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Gonçalo Matias's Citizenship as a Human Right: The Fundamental Right to a PDF

By Gonçalo Matias

This booklet examines a stringent
problem of present migration societies—whether or to not expand citizenship to
resident migrants. Undocumented migration has been an lively factor for many
decades within the united states, and have become a relevant situation in Europe following the
Mediterranean migrant obstacle.

In this leading edge learn dependent on
the simple ideas of transnational citizenship legislations and the naturalization
pattern worldwide, Matias purports that it's attainable to figure out that
no citizen in ready may be completely excluded from citizenship. Such a
proposition not just imposes a favorable accountability overriding a massive dimension
of sovereignty however it additionally supplies upward push to a dialogue approximately undocumented
migration. With its transnational legislation concentration, and situations from public
international legislation courts, eu courts and nationwide courts, Citizenship as a Human correct: The
Fundamental correct to a particular Citizenship
may be utilized to virtually
anywhere within the world.

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Read e-book online Law in the Service of Legitimacy: Gender and Politics in PDF

By Catherine Warrick

utilizing gender and legislation within the political method of Jordan as a method of investigating broader concerns surrounding the connection among tradition and political legitimacy, this quantity bargains an in-depth remedy of the legislation that outline, restrict and extend women's rights. Arguing that gender concerns aren't easily a 'special subject' in politics, yet a hallmark and image of the nature of the political procedure as a complete, the importance of the politics of legitimacy as performed out in problems with gender and legislation is not just concerning the content material of regulations and festival of pursuits, yet in regards to the strength to figure out the character of the political approach itself.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Constitution of Risk by Adrian Vermeule

By Adrian Vermeule

The structure of hazard is the 1st ebook to mix constitutional idea with the idea of chance rules. It argues that constitutional rulemaking is healthier understood as a method of coping with political hazards. Constitutional legislations buildings and regulates the hazards that come up in and from political existence, similar to an govt coup or army putsch, political abuse of ideological or ethnic minorities, or corrupt self-dealing by means of officers. The publication claims that the right way to deal with political dangers is an method it calls 'optimizing constitutionalism' - not like the worst-case pondering that underpins 'precautionary constitutionalism', a mainstay of liberal constitutional conception. Drawing on a vast diversity of disciplines akin to determination concept, video game conception, welfare economics, political technological know-how and psychology, this e-book advocates constitutional rulemaking undertaken in a spirit of welfare maximization, and gives a corrective to the pervasive and regularly irrational mistrust of reputable energy that's so well known in American constitutional historical past and discourse.

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Download e-book for kindle: Natural Hair in the Workplace: What Are Your Rights? by Tracy Sanders

By Tracy Sanders

when you have traditional hair, transitioning to traditional hair, or attracted to typical hair themes, this booklet is a needs to learn. This publication offers an summary of federal and nation employment discrimination legislation within the usa. you'll research extra approximately rights and tasks concerning typical hair as an worker. you could achieve further wisdom and knowledge as an organisation. you will be encouraged via real-life tales. Hypotheticals, case reports, and useful counsel assist you navigate common hair within the workplace.

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